Students most likely not knowing the possible Adderall side effects, Adderall abuse has in recent years, increased dramatically among high school and college students due to their hope to maintain concentration and focus to study leading to better grades.
Adderall Abuse: Easier Access?
Some teens believe it will help them to lose weight and stay slim as well as increase their concentration levels in class leading to the Adderall abuse among the younger generation.
This prescription medication is used to treat narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a psychiatric disorder which affects between three and five percent of children around the world. Symptoms usually start before the age of five and it involves having problems with concentration and hyperactivity which manifest as behavioral problems.
Narcolepsy is a sleeping disorder characterized by excessive sleepiness with some people falling asleep at inopportune times such as in the classroom or while at work.
Effects of Adderall Leads To Increased Demand
Both conditions are made worse by imbalances of dopamine production in the brain which is why Adderall, an effective dopamine re-uptake inhibitor is thought to be effective.
Because of its mode of action, it increases concentration in children with ADHD and as a result there have been reported incidences of students taking it in schools to improve their concentration and give them a competitive advantage over their peers.
This is despite the fact that there is no clinical evidence to support this belief.
Negative Side Effects & Risks For Abusers
It is an amphetamine, meaning it is a stimulant. As a result, long term use can lead to excessive weight loss.
Overuse in children who actually have ADHD can lead to lethargy, whereas overuse in children who do not have ADHD can lead to a high. As a consequence, it can result in children becoming addicted.
Long term abuse can also lead to these negative side effects of Adderall:
- Increased muscle tension
Some long term scientific studies have shown that long term use can slow down the growth rate of children, but this apparently does not have an effect on their final adult height.
Adderal is contraindicated in pregnancy, meaning that pregnant women should not take it because of the potential harmful effects it is thought to have on the unborn child.
Studies in rats have shown that amphetamines such as Adderall can lead to potential behavioral and neurological problems later in childhood.
These side effects can have a serious effect on health which can lead to time off from school or work anyway.
In addition, for children taking it to increase their concentration levels the potential to slow down their growth should be enough to put them off.
It should be noted that many high school children crush up the tablets and snort in order for it to work faster. This is potentially dangerous as was designed for oral use by patients who have ADHD or narcolepsy, not for nasal use by those who do not. The potential to mix ADHD with other drugs and alcohol also means that it can become very dangerous very quickly, in addition to its potential addictive tendencies.
With the high potential for long term neurological and behavioral problems let along the negative side effects, it is best not to take Adderall unless it has been prescribed by a medical doctor for medicinal use.
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